Remembering Pamela Sue Rush: A death caused by structural poverty
One day I, Catherine, received a message on Facebook from someone asking me to help her baby sister. She described the terrible conditions in which she lived and asked if I could use my influence to provide some solutions. Weeks later, I visited Pamela Sue Rush in her mobile home in Tyler, Alabama, an unincorporated rural community in Lowndes County. She shared her story and showed me her reality. It will forever influence my work and commitment to ending poverty.
This visit was the beginning of many, as Pamela opened her home and evolved into an activist in her own right by revealing her reality. It was a reality that should not have existed in America. It was a reality full of traps that created a prison of poverty. This prison was created by a system based on free or cheap labor. It also was a system that was built on predatory lending, unsuitable housing, health care disparities, and an economy that is more interested in war than peace, or death than life. Pamela died for the economy.
She opened her life and showed the world what inequality looks like. Some of the wealthiest U.S. citizens walked through Pamela's dilapidated home and sewage-polluted yard. Many left in disbelief. Yet she was quietly, patiently waiting for someone to help her escape this prison imposed upon her and her two children. In the meantime, she would testify before Congress and become an active member and one of the faces of the New Poor People's Campaign led by Rev. Dr. William Barber and Rev. Dr. Liz Theoharis. She even hosted them in her home. A presidential candidate visited as well. Sen. Bernie Sanders promised to raise up her story as he fought for a more equitable society.
A good Samaritan eventually emerged and paid for Pam to receive a new, more energy efficient home. Yet the structures in place would not allow that to lead to a happy ending. The septic system for the new home would be priced at $28,000 once the engineering was done. The maintenance cost of that system was more than she could afford based on her meager income. We worked together to find a solution, and one was in sight. However, an invisible enemy emerged: the novel coronavirus. The state shut down for a time to combat it, delaying our work to help Pam. The virus began to spread. Yet political leaders who care more about the economic structure that preys on the poor began calling for people to die for the economy.
Before the coronavirus, Pam was dealing with the pandemic of poverty, living as one of the nation's 140 million poor people — not through any fault of her own, but as a victim of vicious systems of predatory lending, economic exploitation, and disinvestment. Before the coronavirus, Pam was living as a Black woman in America, which put her at a 21% higher risk of exposure to long-term air pollution, directly increasing her risk of morbidity from the virus. Before the coronavirus, Pam lived in rural Alabama — one of the 13 states that have resisted implementing Medicaid expansion — as one of the nation's 27.5 million uninsured people. She lived as one of the thousands of people in our nation who lack access to proper plumbing, with no federal guarantee of clean water or sanitation services so urgently needed to survive this pandemic. Before the coronavirus, Pam also lived in a state that sought to limit her ability to petition the government for a redress of grievances through rampant modern voter suppression tactics.
This virus, like a heat-seeking missile, zeroed in on Pam. The intersections of poverty, environmental injustice, climate change, and racial and health disparities placed multiple targets on her back.
How do we remember her? We will tell her story. And we will fight for policies that will prevent others in the same situation as Pamela Sue Rush to give up their lives too soon. For her children, we will ensure that her legacy lives on.
(For more information on the intersection of COVID-19 and poverty, visit poorpeoplescampaign.org.)
William J. Barber III
William J. Barber III, J.D. is a graduate of University of North Carolina School of Law and currently works as the Strategic Partnership Manager of the Climate Reality Project's Climate Justice Initiative. He serves as the co-chair of the North Carolina Poor People's Campaign Ecological Justice Committee.
Catherine Coleman Flowers
Catherine Coleman Flowers is the rural development manager at the Equal Justice Initiative, founder of the Center for Rural Enterprise and Environmental Justice, and a board member of the Climate Reality Project. She is the author of the soon-to-be-released book entitled "Waste: One Woman's Fight Against America's Dirty Secret."